HPV Virus Infection

What is HPV Virus Infection?

Human papilloma virus (HPV) is a virus that can cause genital warts and cervical cancer. It can be transmitted by skin-to-skin contact, and although it is usually transmitted by sexual contact, it has also been shown that it can be transmitted by direct skin contact.

Most people infected with HPV do not have any symptoms or complaints and the virus is cleared from the body within a year or two. In 10-20% of women infected with HPV, the virus cannot be cleared from the body and causes complaints.

There are more than 100 types of HPV virus. Of these, types 6 and 11 cause genital warts and condylomas. HPV 16 and 18 and other varieties such as HPV 31, 33, 45 and 58 have been proven to be involved in cervical cancer.

Smear Disorders & HPV Scanning

As a result of smear and HPV scanning for cervical cancer screening, changes due to HPV infection can be detected. The most common of these are ASCUS, LSIL, HSIL and AGUS. If HPV is detected as a result of the screening or in a smear disorder, these findings may need to be evaluated under colposcopy by a gynecological oncology surgeon.

Genital Warts And Condylomas

Condylomas or genital warts are pink-brown cauliflower-shaped formations that appear raised from the surface of the skin. They are usually caused by HPV 6 and HPV 11 infections. Although it can be seen in both sexes, women are more frequently affected. Genital warts usually do not cause any complaints, however, they can bleed with friction and can be cosmetically uncomfortable.

There are many medical and surgical methods with similar success in wart treatment. The desired treatment can be selected according to the location of the warts and patient characteristics.

HPV Vaccines

In the early 2000s, vaccine production against the HPV virus was achieved and now there are two types of HPV vaccines, 4 and 2, in our country.

Research has shown that

HPV vaccines are very effective in preventing HPV infections and cancer precursor changes in the cervix.

HPV vaccine reduces the incidence of genital warts.

It reduces the risk of HPV-related cancers.

The ideal vaccination age can be summarized as 12-18 years.

Colposcopy

Colposcopy is the recommended practice in case of an abnormality in the cervical smear or HPV tests for cervical cancer. Thanks to colposcopy, the cervix can be examined in detail with a magnifying glass and a biopsy can be taken from the cervix if needed. Colposcopy is a procedure that can usually be performed under office conditions without the need for any anesthesia, however, it can also be performed under anesthesia according to the needs of the patients.

LEEP and Conization

Colposcopy is the recommended application in case of an abnormality in one of the cervical smear or HPV tests performed for cervical cancer. Thanks to colposcopy, the cervix can be examined in detail with a magnifying glass and a biopsy can be taken from the cervix if needed. Colposcopy is a procedure that can usually be performed under office conditions without the need for any anesthesia, however, it can also be performed under anesthesia according to the needs of the patients.

The cervix is ​​the extension of the uterus in the vagina. Some changes may occur in the cervix due to HPV infection. These can be detected with a smear test or an HPV test. If a high-grade lesion (HSIL) is detected with the subsequent cervical biopsy, your physician can apply this procedure to your cervix both to understand the limits of this disease and to understand whether there is cancer and to treat it. More clear information about the disease is obtained by sending the piece taken to the pathology.

To the detailed article I wrote about LEEP process, LEEP risks, pre-procedure preparation, post-treatment

Make an Appointment